Short Biography - Stephen Hawking - World Wide Biography

Short Biography of English Theoretical Physicist Stephen Hawking


He is a theoretical physicist and cosmologist . His father wanted him to study medicine but he decided to pursue mathematics. However as the subject was not taught at the University College Oxford .

Born : He was born on january 8, 1942, in Oxford, england .

Father's name : His father's name was Frank hawking (his father was a medical researcher) .

Mother's name : His was Isobel hawking ( His mother was one of the first female students who has graduated from Oxford University ) .

Nationality : British . 

Fields : General Relativity 
             Quantum Gravity . 

Awards : Adams Prize(1966)
               Maxwell Medal and Prize(1976)
               Albert Einstein Award(1978)
               Albert Einstein Medal(1979)
               Wolf Prize(1988)
               Albert Medal(1999)
              Copley Medal(2006) .

Died : He died in 14 March ,2018 at Cambridge, England at the age of 76 .

All About Stephen Hawking : He is a theoretical physicist and cosmologist . His father wanted him to study medicine but he decided to pursue mathematics. However as the subject was not taught at the University College Oxford . At that time he took up physics . He graduated in 1962 & joined Trinity hall , Cambridge for PhD in cosmology . He got married with Jane white in 14 July, 1965 at the age of 23 . They got 3 children. Hawking became a member of the institute of astronomy in Cambridge in 1968 & the discoveries of cosmologist,  Roger Penrose on black hole really fascinated him . 

In 1970 hawking discovered the second law of black hole dynamics & he proposed the four laws of black hole mechanics. In 1973 he became a fellow of the royal society . In 1975 , he was awarded the Eddington medal & the Pius XI gold medal , followed by the Dannie Heineman Prize , the Maxwell prize,etc Hawking appointed as a professor in gravitational physics in 1977 & received the Albert Einstein Medal & an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford .

 In 1979, he gradually started losing control over his speech and then he appointed as the Lucasian Professor of mathematics at the Cambridge University. In 1985 , he lost his voice after a tracheotomy. As a result of this he required 24 hour for care . A californian computer programmer invented a speaking program that could be directed by head or eye movement .

 In 1988 , Hawking had published "A BRIEF HISTORY OF TIME " which was a simplified version of cosmology for the masses . This book became an instant bestseller . Selling more than 10 million copies in 20 years. He wrote, 'The Universe in Nutshell', ' A brief history of time', 'God created the integers', ' George's Secret Key to the Universe ',etc. 

 He made constant appearance on television during this period , in documentaries like - ' The Real Stephen Hawking', 'Hawking', ' Stephen Hawking , masters of the Universe ',etc. The couple separated in 1990 & divorced in 1995 . Hawking married to his nurse Elaine Mason in 16, September,1995 at the age of 53 . The second marriage lasted only for 11 years & the couple got divorced in 2006.

 Hawking retired as Lucasian Professor of mathematics in 2009 . He was continued to work as a director of research at the department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics . In 2010, he co-wrote a book with Leonard Mlodinow. Title the grand theory which focused on the Universe & 11 dimensions of M- theory.In an interview with ABC news, he said one kind proof that God does not exist but science makes God unnecessary .

    In 2015, Hawking became a part of the breakthrough initiative a program . Funded by Russian billionaire Yuri Milner to research for the life in a Universe. Which is a hundred million dollar project that will search million stars for artificial or laser signals. He died in 14 March ,2018 at Cambridge, England at the age of 76 .


                          " Human Aggression And Nuclear Technology Will Kill Us In The End "
                                            " Robots Will Take Over The World "
                                                                                         ..........STEPHEN HAWKING

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