Biography of Mahatma Gandhi


Biography of Indian Activist and freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi , Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

He was the leader of indian independence movement. His father served as the diwan of porbandar state.

Born : Gandhi was born on 2nd october ,1869 to a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar , in British Indian Empire.

Father name : His father's name was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi

Mother name: His mother's name was putlibai Gandhi.

Known as : Mahatma Gandhi also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

All about Mahatma Gandhi: He was the leader of indian independence movement. His father served as the diwan of porbandar state. Mohandas had two elder half-sisters and three elder siblings.Baby Mohandas grew up to be a very shy child.

At school Mohandas was not a brilliant student.He wed Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in an arranged marriage in may 1883. He was 13 and kasturbai was 14 years old at the time of their marriage.They had 4 childrens.At the age of 19 , Gandhi went to England at 1888 , to become a lawyer.After returning from South Africa to India in 1891, he began to practice law in Bombay. 

Then he went to south africa to work at a law firm.There he witnessed rampant acts of racism anddiscrimination which angered him greatly. Once he was asked to move from the first class in a train in spite of having a valid ticket solely on the basis of his colour , and another time he was asked to remove his turban. 

These incidents angered him and kindled in him the spirit to fight for social justice. He spent over 20 years in the country during which he helped found the Natal indian congress which aimed at molding the indian community of South Africa into a unified political force.gandhi returned to india in 1915.

 He attached the indian national congress and by 1920 established himself as a dominant figure in the indian political scenario. His followers had given him the attribute Mahatma meaning great soul. He called for all the indians to unite as one irrespective of the divisions of religion,caste and creed in the country's fight for independence. 

He advocated non co-operation with british rule,Which included a boycott of british goods in favor of indian made products. In1921 he was made the leader of indian national congres .The party that was fighting for the independence. Gandhi was arrested on 10march 1922, tried for sedition,and imprisoned for two years .

In 1930, as a british government imposed tax on the salt. Gandhi took a 400 kilometers march to seashore called dandi then he made salt with his own hands to show his protest against the evil tanks. He was joined by thousand of followers in this symbolic act of defiance against british rule.this campaingn was one of his most successful at upsetting british hold on india; britain responded by imprisoning over 60,000 people.

 The second world war broke out in 1939 and gandhi thought it to be right time to force a britishers to quit. He invoked a moment in 1942 called the quit india movement. He was imprisoned for two years and released before the end of the war in may 1944. By the year 1947 the british government has enough troubles to seek in India and England. 

So they leave india but only after dividing it into two countries india and pakistan. India got independent but india was not a peaceful process. It led to violent clashes between the hindus and the muslims.gandhi repeatdly went to the hunger strikes to restore peace among the country. On 30 january, 1948 as Gandhi had completed a two day hunger strike in new delhi he was shot dead by a hindu nationalist called nathuram godse at the age of 78. He established a principle called gandhism and the two pillars of gandhism are truth and non-violence. 

"Where there is love there is life said".
                          By Mahatma Gandhi gandhi.

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